Learn About the Different Types of Counseling

Counselors and therapists help their customers in a variety of ways, also there are several diverse types of counselors based on their specialization.

Continue reading to learn about the various sorts of counselling careers and specialties you’ll be able to study and practice: marriage and family therapy, career counselling, mental health counseling, substance abuse counseling, and much more.

Counseling Specialties

“Counseling” is a really wide category that encompasses countless chances in any number of counselling subfields.

Counselors operate in colleges, hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, among other locations, or else they can maintain a private clinic, and there are many ways in which to specialize during your counseling career.

Common Kinds of Counselors

Listed below are some of the most common Kinds of advisers:

  • Marriage and family counselling
  • Guidance and career counseling
  • Rehabilitation counseling
  • Mental health counselling
  • Substance abuse counselling
  • Educational Counseling

It is not required to pick out a specialization before starting your master’s program in counselling, although a lot of students go into their counselling programs with one in your mind.

Don’t be surprised if, throughout your 2-year level and year of work, you wind up in a place you hadn’t considered before graduate school. Maintain an open mind, and unless you truly understand which type of counselling you want to pursue, then choose a counseling degree in a conventional setting or a counselling degree online, that offers a variety of options. Call Dalton here.

In addition to the Principal specialties listed previously, advisers can also assist their clients using methods in areas like these:

  • Debt counseling
  • Child development counselling
  • Eating disorder therapy
  • Grief counselling
  • Art treatment
  • Musical therapy

Kinds of Mental Illnesses

In accordance with the National Institute for Mental Illness, roughly 26.2 percent of adult Americans (over one in four) are affected by some sort of mental illness every year. Here are a Few of the mental disorders that advisers utilize:

  • Anxiety disorder
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Bipolarity
  • Borderline personality
  • Depression
  • Eating disease
  • Generalized stress
  • Obsessive-compulsive disease
  • Panic disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social phobia


Psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating mental disorder.

They tend to take care of complicated and serious psychological illness, and have a deep comprehension of physical and mental wellness, and how they affect each other.

Psychiatrists are the only mental health professionals able to prescribe medication, which they generally do (if acceptable) together with their use of psychological therapy (also known as psychotherapy), and brain stimulation treatments. Work with Dalton Associates here.

“If somebody walks in with a biological problem — they have got schizophrenia or bipolar illness — even a broad-based psychiatrist is very likely to reevaluate medicine as part of their therapy.

“However, if someone walked in with an existential hurricane catastrophe, a psychiatrist wouldn’t prescribe a medication, but would counsel, and provide psychotherapy advice,” Professor Parker says.

Psychiatrists function in public and private hospitals, community mental health services and personal consulting rooms. You’ll need a referral from another medical doctor or your GP to find a psychiatrist.


Psychologists are specialists in human behaviour. They use scientific methods to examine the things which influence the way we think, feel, understand and behave.

Psychologists work in a variety of settings with a vast array of people: they deal with everything from depression, anxiety and eating disorders to relationship issues and personal development.

That’s because psychologists don’t just provide counseling and therapy to people with diagnosed psychological disorders; they also use mentally healthy people to help them function better.

They could provide guidance and support, provide standpoint, and teach coping strategies to people experiencing issues like major change, anxiety, illness, despair, learning difficultiesand behavioral problems, substance abuse, relationship breakdowns, etc.

Psychologists utilize different types of psychological therapy (or talking therapies) to help people explore and challenge their behavior and thought processes.

“Cognitive behavioral treatment is fundamental to that, since, over the last two decades or so, it’s been the very evidenced-based treatment for a vast range of mental health issues,” says Alice Shires, director of the Psychology Clinic at the University of Technology Sydney.

When it comes to coping with more acute mental health concerns, clinical psychologists (and other specialized psychologists) are best positioned to assist: they have added training in assessing and treating severe mental illness.


Counselors utilize talk-based treatment to assist people to come up with self-understanding and create changes in their own lives.

A counselor will allow you to talk through your own personal queries, develop perspective, develop coping strategies, and increase self-awareness.

Counselors can also choose a case management function.

“This means they look at an entire support program — including speaking to additional services, making referrals for support around housing or service around something different,” Jayne Ferguson, counselor and senior clinician in Relationships Australia Victoria, stated.

Contrary to psychiatry and psychology, counselling as a profession is not formally regulated. This means anybody can call themselves a counsel — if they’ve completed a brief online course which teaches the basics, or six decades of university instruction.

“Even though a high percentage of advisers would have some rigorous instruction and training in counselling, a significant percentage don’t,” Professor Parker states.

But advisers may still play a really important and quite valuable function — especially people who have many years of expertise in conversation treatment. Visit Dalton at https://www.daltonassociates.ca/location/hamilton/